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On this date in history… January 7, 1325…

Afonso IV ascended to the throne, becoming the seventh king of Portugal and the Algarve.

17th century painting of Afonso IV

Afonso the Brave; 8 February 1291 – 28 May 1357, was the only legitimate son of King Denis of Portugal by his wife Elizabeth of Aragon.

King Denis of Portugal the Rei Lavrador and Queen Elizabeth of Aragon

Afonso, born in Lisbon, was the rightful heir to the Portuguese throne. However, he was not the kings’ favourite son.  Denis’ illegitimate son, Afonso Sanches, enjoyed full royal favour from birth.  The rivalry between the two sons led to several outbreaks of civil war.

Afonso IV exacted his revenge on the illegitimate Afonso Sanches, however; when on 7 January 1325, King Denis died.  Afonso IV became king and exiled his half-brother to Castile, stripping him of all lands and fiefdoms given Afonso Sanches by King Denis.

17th century painting of King Denis

More information on the Portuguese House of Burgundy can be found at –